Title: Model Checking Agents with Memory Is Harder than It Seemed
Authors: Nils Bulling, Clausthal University of Technology
   Wojciech Jamroga, University of Luxembourg

ATL+ is a variant of the alternating-time temporal logic that does not have the expressive power of full ATL*, but still allows for expressing some natural properties of agents. It has been believed that verification with ATL+ is Delta3-complete for both memoryless agents and players who can memorize the whole history of the game. In this paper, we show that the latter result was not correct. That is, we prove that model checking ATL+ for agents that use strategies with memory is in fact PSPACE-complete. On a more optimistic note, we show that fairness constraints can be added to ATL+ without further increasing the complexity of model checking, which makes ATL+ an attractive alternative to the full language of ATL*.

Keywords: Strategic logic, model checking, complexity.

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